Bandwidth Metric – EIGRP

In this article we will discuss Bandwidth Metric – EIGRP, will make brief discussion on Bandwidth Metric – EIGRP, In last article we discuss about Auto-MDIX.

The bandwidth metric is a static value used by some routing protocols, such as EIGRP and OSPF, to calculate their routing metric. The bandwidth is displayed in kilobits per second (kb/s).

On older routers, the serial link bandwidth metric defaults to 1544 kb/s. This is the bandwidth of a T1 connection. On newer routers, such as the Cisco 4321, serial link bandwidth defaults to the clock rate used on the link.

Note: The bandwidths used in this topology were chosen to help explain the calculation of the routing protocol metrics and the process of best path selection. These bandwidth values do not reflect the more common types of connections found in today’s networks.

Always verify bandwidth with the show interfaces command. The default value of the bandwidth may or may not reflect the actual physical bandwidth of the interface. If actual bandwidth of the link differs from the default bandwidth value, the bandwidth value should be modified.

Configuring the Bandwidth Parameter

Because both EIGRP and OSPF use bandwidth in default metric calculations, a correct value for bandwidth is very important to the accuracy of routing information.

Use the following interface configuration mode command to modify the bandwidth metric:

Router(config-if)# bandwidthkilobits-bandwidth-value

Use the no bandwidth command to restore the default value.

The link between R1 and R2 has a bandwidth of 64 kb/s, and the link between R2 and R3 has a bandwidth of 1,024 kb/s. The figure shows the configurations used on all three routers to modify the bandwidth on the appropriate serial interfaces. Modify the bandwidth metric on both sides of the link to ensure proper routing in both directions.

Verifying the Bandwidth Parameter

Use the show interfaces command to verify the new bandwidth parameters.

Modifying the bandwidth value does not change the actual bandwidth of the link. The bandwidth command only modifies the bandwidth metric used by routing protocols, such as EIGRP and OSPF.

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